Mubende District is located in the Central region of Uganda. It borders with Kassanda district in the East, Kiboga and Kyankwanzi in the North, Sembabule and Gomba in the South, Kyegegwa and Kakumiro in the West. The district headquarters is located 160 Kilometres West of Kampala
The District is one of the largest districts in the country. It covers a total area of approximately 2,713sq. kms.
The total Population of Mubende District as contained in the 2014 Population and Housing Census was 688,819 with 346,525 males and 342,294 females. When compared to the 2002 population census’ results, the population in the district grew by 4.06% over a period of 12 years. In addition, the 2014 Census indicates that the total fertility rate was 7.5% which was higher than the national figure of 6.9 percent and the total average Household size is 4.5. Currently the Population density is at 148 people per sq. km compared to 91 persons per sq. km in 2002. This increase is attributed to immigrations by settlers from densely populated districts and the high fertility rates in the district. The population of Mubende is currently projected to be 717,361 persons.
Mubende district has a tropical climate with moderate rainfall and temperature. The rainfall pattern is bi -modal with two seasons and the annual rainfall varying between 560 mm to 1,272 mm. The months of March to May and September to November receive very heavy and well-distributed rains of up to 1,200 mm. There are two dry seasons from June to July and December to February. This therefore, provides for two crop growing seasons. The high altitude ensures favorable climate with medium annual temperatures ranging from 17.2 degrees to 29 degrees centigrade.
The relief of the district ranges from 106-154m above sea level with a varied landscape;
Remnants of lowland surface cover the great proportion of the District.
Remnants of Upland surface are evident to the Northern border East of Butoloogo District and Bukuya District.
In-fill areas are associated with rivers such as Kisojo, Katabalanga, and Nabakazi in Kasambya, Kitenga and Kiganda Sub Counties respectively and also around Lake Wamala.
Deposits and Plat forms of the extended Lake Victoria Soils are found around the fringes of Lake Wamala in Myanzi, Nalutuntu, and Manyogaseka Sub Counties. Generally, Mubende district is a plateau with some hilly ridges commonly known as Mubende Hills.
Culture and Religion
The community of Mubende is composed of people of different social and ethnic origins with majority being Baganda; 36.1% followed by Banyoro 14%, Banyankole 11.4%, Bakiga 10.7%, Bafumbira 9.9%, Banyarwanda 6.8%, Bakhonzo 3.1%, Batoro 2.5%, Basoga 0.7% and others 4.6%.
The District is in Buganda Kingdom and hosts the historical home of the great Bunyoro Kitara Empire with the seat of King Ndahula the Chwezi and site for queen and priestess Nakayima at the popular tree on Mubende Hill. The main custodian of the Cultural heritage is the Buganda Kingdom headed by his majesty the Kabaka of Buganda.
Agriculture is the main economic activity in the district. According to the Uganda Agriculture census of 2019/2020, it indicates that maize is the major crop produced in the district both as food crop and cash crop, followed by Banana food, cassava, beans, sweet potatoes, banana bear, G/nuts, Irish potatoes and sweet bananas.
Mubende district has a total of 643 primary schools and out of these 218 are governemnt schools while 425 ar private schools, 71 secondary schools 19 are goverenmnt schools ,12 under Public-private partnership and 40 privately owned. 6 tertiary insitutions 3 government owned and 3 private owned. 1 private owned univsersity.